The part of the body that loses the most heat is your head.The collection of head gear for your winter trek can consist of a balaclava, a windproof hat or a trekking cap with fold-down ear flaps. Make sure that your back-up hats are easily accessible, for example in a pocket, so you can switch when your activity is over. Release excess heat by taking off your hat. In really cold conditions you can layer your balaclava and hat/cap.
To find gloves that are both light and flexible and at the same time warm is impossible, because the degree of insulation depends on the thickness. Gloves should also be dry and clean to fulfil their purpose.The multi-layer principle when applied to hands requires:
• First layer: a thin, five-fingered liner-glove next to the skin
• Middle/outer layer: a five-fingered working glove with removable wool liner
• Reinforcement layer: a large mitten, also with removable wool liner, that covers your wrists.
Never touch metal, for example outdoor cooking equipment, with bare hands. Use a liner-glove for protection.
A good protection against the cold should first and foremost isolate from the cold ground.Make sure you have a thick sole,preferably in wool. Felted or knitted soles keep shape better when under pressure than terry or fibre fur soles.
It is important to choose the right size of the shoe, you should be able to move your toes even when wearing a thick sock.This means about 10-15 millimetres from the toe to the shoe,or one or two sizes bigger than your regular shoes.
Your socks are just as important as your shoes for the well-being of your feet. Use quality socks made from wool or a wool/synthetic blend. Bring several pairs and change your socks during the day. Hang the moist pair to dry on the inside of your shell garment. This seemingly small routine can make a huge difference if you are out for many days.
Never use cotton socks, as cotton binds moisture, takes a long time to dry and lowers the foot temperature.